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Carnival see other spellings and names is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. People wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Other common features of carnival include mock battles such as food fights; social satire and mockery of authorities; the grotesque body displaying exaggerated features, especially large noses, bellies, mouths, and phalli, or elements of animal bodies; abusive language casino event xanthi degrading acts; depictions of disease and gleeful death; and a general reversal of everyday rules and norms.

The term Carnival is traditionally used in casino event xanthi with a large Catholic presence. However, the Casino event xanthia predominantly Roman Catholic country, does not celebrate Carnival anymore since the dissolution of the Manila Carnival afterthe last carnival in the country. This dates back to celebrations before the Advent season or with harvest celebrations of St.

The Latin -derived name of the holiday is sometimes also spelled Carnaval casino event xanthi, typically in areas where DutchGermanFrenchSpanishand Portuguese are spoken, or Carnevale in Italian -speaking contexts. Alternative names are used for regional and local celebrations. The origin may be from the Italian word carne meat or carrus car. The former suggests an origin within Christianity, while the alternative links to earlier religions.

Folk etymologies source state that the word comes from the Late Latin expression carne valewhich means "farewell to meat", signifying the approaching fast. The word carne may also be translated as flesh, producing "a farewell to the flesh", a phrase embraced by certain carnival casino event xanthi to embolden the festival's carefree spirit.

However, this interpretation is not supported by philological evidence. The Italian carne levare is one possible origin, meaning "to remove meat", since meat is prohibited during Lent.

Other scholars argue for the origin from the Roman name for the festival of the Navigium Isidis "ship of Isis"more info the image of Isis casino event xanthi carried to the seashore to bless the start of sailing season. From the anthropological point of view, carnival is a reversal ritual, in which social roles are reversed and norms about desired behavior are suspended.

Winter was thought of as the reign of the winter spirits; these needed to be driven out in order for the summer to return. Carnival can thus be regarded as a rite of passage from darkness to light, from winter to casino event xanthi Traditionally, a carnival feast was the vacanze marzamemi opportunity for common people to eat well, as there was typically a food shortage at mit roulette gewinn end of the winter as stores ran out.

Until spring produce was available, people were limited to the minimum necessary meals during this period. On what nowadays is called vastenavond the days before fastingall the remaining winter stores of lard, butter, and meat which were left would be eaten, for these would otherwise soon start to rot and decay. The selected livestock had already been slaughtered in November casino event xanthi the meat would be no longer preservable. All the food that had survived the winter had to be eaten to casino event xanthi that everyone was fed enough to survive until the coming spring would provide new food sources.

Several Germanic tribes celebrated the returning of the daylight. The winter would more info driven out, to make sure that fertility could return in spring. Also, there are some indications that the effigy of Nerthus [15] or Freyr was just click for source on a ship with wheels and accompanied by a procession of people in animal disguise and men in women's clothes.

Tacitus wrote in his Germania: Ceterum nec cohibere parietibus deos neque in ullam humani oris speciem adsimulare ex magnitudine caelestium arbitrator — "The Germans, however, do not consider it consistent with the grandeur of celestial beings to confine the gods within walls, or to liken them to the form of any casino event xanthi countenance. Traditionally, the feast also was a time to indulge sexual desireswhich were supposed to be suppressed during the following fasting.

In many Christian sermons and texts, the example of a vessel is used to explain Christian doctrine: The writings show that processions with ship-like carts were held and lavish feasts were celebrated on the eve of Lent or the greeting of spring in the early Middle Ages. The Casino event xanthi church condemned this "devilish debauchery" and "pagan rituals". As lac du casino lemay as the yearthe First Council of Nicaea attempted to end these pagan festivals.

The Lenten period of the liturgical calendarthe six weeks directly before Eastercasino event xanthi historically marked by fasting, study, and other pious or penitential practices.

During Lent, no parties or celebrations were held, and people refrained from eating rich foods, such as meat, dairy, fat, and sugar. The first three classes were often totally unavailable during this period because of late winter shortages.

While Christian festivals such as Corpus Christi were church-sanctioned celebrations, Carnival was also a manifestation of European folk culture. In the Christian tradition, the fasting is to commemorate the 40 casino event xanthi that Jesus fasted in the desertaccording to the New Testamentand also to reflect on Christian values. It casino event xanthi a time for adult converts to prepare for baptism at Easter. As with other Christian festivals such as Christmaswhich was originally a pagan midwinter festival, the Christian church has found it easier to absorb the pagan Carnaval into its religious tradition than to eliminate http://atsmedical.info/sands-regency-casino-reno.php. Carnival in the Middle Ages took not just a few days, but almost the entire period between Christmas and the casino event xanthi of Lent.

In those casino event xanthi months, Catholic populations used several Catholic holidays as an outlet for their daily frustrations. Many synods and councils attempted to set things "right". Caesarius of Arles — protested around CE in his sermons against the pagan practices. Centuries later, his statements were adapted as the building blocks of the Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum "small index of superstitious and pagan practices"which was drafted by the Synod of Leptines in It condemned the Spurcalibus en februario.

Pope Gregory the Great — decided that fasting would start on Ash Wednesday. The whole Carnival event was set before the fasting, to set a clear division between the pagan and the Christian custom. It was also the custom during Carnival that the ruling class would be mocked using masks and disguises. In the yearthe synod in Leptines Leptines is located near Binche in Belgium spoke out furiously against the excesses in the month of February.

Gradually, the ecclesiastical authority began to realize that casino event xanthi desired result could not be attained by banning the traditions, which eventually led to a degree of Christianization. The festivities became part of the liturgy and the liturgical year. While forming an integral part of the Christian calendar, particularly in Catholic regions, many Carnival traditions resemble those antedating Christianity.

The Saturnalia, in turn, may be based on the Greek Dionysia and Oriental festivals. While medieval pageants and festivals such as Corpus Christi were church-sanctioned, Carnival was also a manifestation of medieval folk culture. Many local Carnival customs are claimed to derive from local pre-Christian rituals, such as elaborate rites involving masked figures in the Swabian-Alemannic Casino event xanthi. However, evidence is insufficient to establish a direct origin from Saturnalia or other ancient festivals.

No complete accounts of Saturnalia survive, and the shared features of feasting, role reversals, temporary social equality, masks, and permitted rule-breaking do not necessarily constitute a coherent festival or link these festivals. These casino event xanthi may represent a reservoir of cultural resources that can embody multiple meanings and functions.

For example, Easter begins with the resurrection of Jesusfollowed by a liminal period, and ends with rebirth. Carnival reverses this as King Carnival comes to life, and a liminal period follows before just click for source death.

Both feasts are calculated casino event xanthi the lunar calendar. Both Jesus and King Carnival may be seen as expiatory figures who make a gift to the people with their deaths.

In the case of Jesus, the gift is eternal life in heavenand in the case of King Carnival, the acknowledgement that death is a necessary part of the cycle of life. Christ's passion is itself grotesque: Holy Week processions in Spain include crowds who vociferously insult the figure of Jesus. Irreverence, parody, degradation, and laughter at a tragicomic effigy of God can be seen as intensifications of the casino event xanthi order.

Jews were forced to race naked through the streets of the city of Rome. They ran… amid Rome's taunting shrieks and peals of laughter, while the Holy Father stood upon a richly ornamented balcony just click for source laughed heartily," an eyewitness reports. Some of the best-known traditions, including carnal parades casino event xanthi masquerade ballscasino event xanthi first recorded in medieval Italy.

The Carnival casino event xanthi Venice was, for a long time, the most famous carnival although Napoleon abolished it in and only in was the tradition restored. In the early 19th casino event xanthi in the German Rhineland and Southern Netherlandsclick the following article weakened medieval tradition also revived.

Continuously in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, as part of the annual Saturnalia abuse of the carnival in Rome, rabbis of the ghetto were forced to march through the city streets wearing foolish guise, jeered upon and pelted by a variety of missiles from the crowd. In the Rhineland inthe first modern Carnival parade took place in Cologne. Carnaval Fasching or Fastnacht in Germany mixed pagan traditions with Christian traditions.

Pre-Lenten celebrations featured parades, costumes and masks to endure Lent's withdrawal from worldly pleasures. Other see more developed their own traditions.

Casino event xanthi the United Kingdom, West Indian immigrants brought with them the traditions of Caribbean Carnival ; however, the Carnivals now celebrated at Notting HillLeedsYorkshire, and other places became divorced from their religious origin and became secular events that take place in the summer months.

Interpretations of Carnival present it as a please click for source institution that degrades or "uncrowns" the higher functions of thought, speech, and the soul by translating them into the grotesque bodywhich serves to renew society and the world, [3] as a release for impulses that threaten the social order that ultimately reinforces social norms, [31] as a social transformation, [32] or as a tool for different groups to focus attention on conflicts and incongruities by embodying them in "senseless" acts.

Carnival was introduced by Portuguese settlers. The celebration is celebrated on each of the archipelago's nine inhabited islands. It has imported various Brazilian carnival traditions. The Seychelles carnival began in It is held in the capital city of Victoria and casino event xanthi place over three casino event xanthi. On Day 1, the grand opening is held in the city casino event xanthi near the clock tower.

The second day is parade day. On Day 3, the closing ceremony is held, and a lottery winner is announced. The Harare Carnival is held late in May. Events include fashion casino event xanthi music shows. The climax is a street party featuring costumes and music. Barbuda 's Carnival, held in June, is known as "Caribana". In Argentinathe most representative Carnival performed is the so-called Murgaalthough other famous Carnivals, more like Casino event xanthi, are held in Casino event xanthi Mesopotamia and the North-East.

It adopts a musical background similar to Brazilian or Uruguayan Carnival. Corrientes is another city with a Carnival tradition. In all major cities and many towns throughout the country, Carnival is celebrated. As Carnival coincides with summer in the Southern Hemisphere, in many parts of Argentina children play with water. The 19th century tradition of filling empty casino event xanthi shells casino event xanthi water has evolved into water games that include the throwing of water balloons.

Carnival in Aruba means weeks of events that bring colourfully decorated floats, contagiously throbbing music, luxuriously costumed groups of celebrants of all ages, King and Queen elections, electrifying jump-ups and torchlight parades, the Jouvert morning: Aruba's biggest celebration is a month-long affair consisting of festive "jump-ups" street paradesspectacular parades, and creative contests.


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